'''Procopius of Caesarea''' (, ; c. AD 500 – c. AD 560) was a prominent Byzantine Empire|late antique
scholar from Palaestina Prima
[''Procopius'', John Moorhead, ''Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing: M-Z'', Vol. II, Kelly Boyd, (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1999), 962;"''Like many Byzantine scholars, Procopius affected a remarkable traditional form of writing''".]
Accompanying the Roman general Belisarius
in the wars of the Emperor Justinian I|Justinian
, he became the principal historian of the 6th century, writing the ''Wars of Justinian'', the ''Buildings of Justinian'' and the celebrated ''Secret History''. He is commonly held to be the last major historian of the ancient world.